d“Ode on Melancholy”
John Keats

Create hyperlinks within "Ode on Melancholy" to help explain the more difficult words and allusions. Your group must add at least 5 hyperlinks.

No, no, go not to Lethe, neither twist
Wolf's-bane, tight-rooted, for its poisonous wine;
Nor suffer thy pale forehead to be kiss'd
By nightshade, ruby grape of Proserpine;
Make not your rosary of yew-berries,
Nor let the beetle, nor the death-moth be
Your mournful Psyche, nor the downy owl
A partner in your sorrow's mysteries;
For shade to shade will come too drowsily,
And drown the wakeful anguish of the soul.

But when the melancholy fit shall fall
Sudden from heaven like a weeping cloud,
That fosters the droop-headed flowers all,
And hides the green hill in an April shroud;
Then glut thy sorrow on a morning rose,
Or on the rainbow of the salt sand-wave,
Or on the wealth of globed peonies;
Or if thy mistress some rich anger shows,
Emprison her soft hand, and let her rave,
And feed deep, deep upon her peerless eyes.

She dwells with Beauty - Beauty that must die;
And Joy, whose hand is ever at his lips
Bidding adieu; and aching Pleasure nigh,
Turning to poison while the bee-mouth sips:
Ay, in the very temple of Delight
Veil'd Melancholy has her sovran shrine,
Though seen of none save him whose strenuous tongue
Can burst Joy's grape against his palate fine;
His soul shall taste the sadness of her might,
And be among her cloudy trophies hung.

Copyright 1820

How is this poem an example of Romanticism? (Answer is well developed paragraphs with specific examples.)
Ode to Melancholy is an example of Romanticism in the way nature is used through out the poem. Refrences to nature are highly common in romantic poems. Within the first stanza, nature is connected with the mention of suicide. Keat's uses poison plants like, "Wolf's-bane" in line 2 and "night shade in line 4 to demonstrate ways a life could be taken using nature.The use of nature is also a prominent feauture in the second stanza. Here, Keat's is giving advice to readers about what to do when faced with melancholy. He compares melancholy to "a weeping cloud" (12) and advises readers to act in unexpected ways such as in line 15, "Then gly thy sorrow on a morning rose". Both of these examples show examples of romanticism in poetry because of the nature used to help deliver the message the speaker is trying to portray.
Ode to Melancholy is also an example of Romanticism because romanticism embraces emotional intensity. The emotion of melancholy is one of deep, dark sadness and depression. It is definetly an intense emotion. This poem not only mentions the intense emotion but it is dedicated it. The whole poem is about this feeling of intense sadness. Romanticism also embraces emotional directness. This poem displays that feature. Keats is very direct about the emotions of melancholy. He writes about various ways of killing oneself because of the melancholic feeling. He does not just mention that the person is feeling sad, he goes into detail and directly states what he wants to do when he is in this state of depression. Feelings of sincerity are also embraced by romanticism. When I read this poem I really felt the sense of deep sadness from Keats for him to think of all those various ways of suicide. I really thought it was a sincere emotion that he once felt, or was feeling at the time of writing this poem.


How is this poem an example of an ode and lyric poem? (Answer in a bulleted list.)
  • complex stanzas.
  • serious and thoughtful.
  • highly stylized language.
  • glorifies and praises a subject matter.
  • nature scene provokes an extened meditation with a personal or universal topic.
  • ending ties to a pervious thought, but with deeper understanding.
  • does more than praises the particular subject, it developed it in a surprising, significant, and personal way.
  • it has 1 speaker
  • speaker expresses personal thought and feeling
  • speaker comes to an epiphany, realization towards the end...seen in the third stanze when he tells the person he is addressing to kill his mistress instead of himself.

What have you learned about Keats that helps you understand this poem in a new way? (Be sure to use the school's databases and cite your information. Answers need to be in well-developed paragraphs.)
John Keats experienced a lot of death in his life. That is why life/death is a repeated topic in Keat's Poetry. When he was just 9 years old his father died from cracking his skull when he fell off a horse. Then, a year later his grandfather died. When he was 15 his mother died of tuberculosis. He and his siblings then had to live with their grandmother since they were orphaned. Later on, John's younger brother, Tom was suffering from tuberculosis as well. When John was 23 his younger brother died. 2 years later, John began to show signs of tuberculosis as well. The disease took his life in just 1 year and he died in 1821. These tragic facts of his life indicate that he surely knows what it is like to feel melancholic. He is not just writing about it from and experience or two, or from what he has heard. He experienced many events so early in his life that would lead one to feel a deep, deep sadness. Melencholy is a state of gloominess and depression, and having death occur so many times in your life can cause melancholy to occur. It varifies that the first stanza shows the true emotion that Keats has felt in his life in his hard times. When all the death and sadness was happening, he must have thought to drink the "poisonous wine" or to eat the "yew berries". He is writing this to show that you should not kill yourself in the times of melancholy because he got through some extremely tough times and he is proving to the reader that they can too.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Keats

What are some of the purposes of this poem? Why did Keats write it in the first place? (Answers should be in bulleted lists, allowing others to "run" with their own ideas.)
  • to introduce a new way of thinking that is contray to what people would usually expect.
  • To give advice to readers about how to deal with melancholy, which is customarily seen as an unwanted emotion.
  • To send the message that some unfortunate things should be tolerated and even accepted.
  • to emphasize that everyone has times of meloncholy and that they will eventually pass
  • to write about a human emotion that almost all readers can relate to.
  • to encourage people to give in to their emotions.
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